Summary of Norwegian Wood Book

Norwegian Wood is a novel written by the renowned Japanese author Haruki Murakami. Set in the late 1960s, the story revolves around the protagonist, Toru Watanabe, as he navigates through the complexities of love, loss, …

Summary of Norwegian Wood Book

Norwegian Wood is a novel written by the renowned Japanese author Haruki Murakami. Set in the late 1960s, the story revolves around the protagonist, Toru Watanabe, as he navigates through the complexities of love, loss, and self-discovery.

The novel begins with Toru reminiscing about his college days in Tokyo and his close friendship with Kizuki and his girlfriend, Naoko. The sudden suicide of Kizuki leaves Toru and Naoko devastated, and they find solace in each other’s company. However, Naoko’s fragile mental state and her retreat to a sanatorium strain their relationship.

As Toru continues his studies, he meets Midori, a lively and outgoing girl who captivates him with her wit and charm. Toru finds himself torn between his unresolved feelings for Naoko and his growing affection for Midori. Through their interactions, Toru grapples with his own identity and the complexities of love.

Norwegian Wood explores themes of loneliness, grief, and the search for meaning in a fast-changing world. Murakami’s lyrical prose and vivid storytelling create a haunting and introspective atmosphere that draws readers into the characters’ emotional journeys. With its exploration of love, loss, and self-discovery, Norwegian Wood is a timeless coming-of-age novel that resonates with readers around the world.


As Toru and Naoko grow closer, they find solace in each other’s company. However, Naoko’s mental health deteriorates, and she decides to retreat to a secluded sanatorium in the countryside. Toru, torn between his love for Naoko and his own desires, continues his studies and becomes involved with another woman named Midori. The relationship between Toru and Midori becomes complicated as he struggles to reconcile his feelings for both women.

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The novel explores themes of love, loss, and the search for identity. Toru’s journey reflects the struggles of a generation grappling with the social and cultural changes of the time. Through his relationships with Naoko and Midori, Toru navigates the complexities of love and the pain of loss, ultimately finding a sense of self and purpose.

Murakami’s lyrical prose and introspective narrative style make “Norwegian Wood” a poignant and beautifully written novel that delves into the depths of human emotion and the complexities of relationships.


One of the central themes in “Norwegian Wood” is the exploration of love and its complexities. The novel delves into the different forms of love, including romantic love, unrequited love, and platonic love. Murakami portrays the characters’ experiences with love as both beautiful and painful, showcasing the profound impact it can have on individuals.

Another theme present in the book is the exploration of mental health and the challenges of navigating the complexities of the human mind. The characters in “Norwegian Wood” grapple with issues such as depression, anxiety, and suicide. Murakami sensitively portrays the struggles and inner turmoil faced by individuals dealing with mental health issues, shedding light on the importance of understanding and empathy.

Identity and Coming of Age

“Norwegian Wood” also explores the theme of identity and the journey of coming of age. The characters in the novel are depicted in a state of transition, navigating the uncertain terrain between adolescence and adulthood. Murakami delves into the experiences of self-discovery, the search for meaning, and the challenges of finding one’s place in the world.

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Nostalgia and Loss

Nostalgia and loss are recurring themes in “Norwegian Wood.” The novel is set in the late 1960s, a time of significant social and cultural change, and the characters often reminisce about the past. Murakami captures a sense of longing and melancholy as the characters grapple with the loss of loved ones and the passing of time.

Characters Analysis

Toru Watanabe

Toru Watanabe is the novel’s protagonist and narrator. He is a quiet and introspective young man who is deeply affected by the suicide of his close friend, Kizuki. Toru is often described as being emotionally detached and reserved, but he is also kind and caring. Throughout the story, he navigates his way through various relationships and tries to find meaning and purpose in his life.


Summary of Norwegian Wood Book

Naoko is Kizuki’s girlfriend and a pivotal character in the novel. She is portrayed as fragile and emotionally unstable, struggling with the loss of Kizuki. Naoko shares a deep connection with Toru, and they form a complicated relationship as they both try to heal from their past traumas. Her character represents the theme of loss and the search for solace.

Midori Kobayashi is a vibrant and outgoing girl who captures Toru’s attention. She is described as confident, witty, and with a rebellious streak. Midori brings a sense of lightness and humor to the story, contrasting with the melancholic atmosphere. Her character represents the possibility of love and happiness, offering a stark contrast to the emotional turmoil experienced by Toru and Naoko.

Other notable characters in the novel include Reiko Ishida, a patient at the sanatorium where Naoko stays, who becomes a mentor and confidante to Toru. Nagasawa, Toru’s charismatic and womanizing college friend. And Hatsumi, a classmate of Toru’s who experiences her own internal struggles.

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Through the diverse cast of characters, Murakami explores themes of love, loss, grief, and the search for identity. Each character brings their own unique perspective and challenges, adding depth and complexity to the story.

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